For fleet managers, compliance means knowing the modernization requirements of their fleet vehicles. For device managers, compliance means an understanding of how to integrate properly placed and claimed cameras into new vehicle designs. For more information on FMVSS 111 compliance, see the FMVSS 111 Field of View Compliance Manual and Kit. (4) We seek an opinion on whether and, if so, why the minimum field requirements for CMS should deviate from the current minimum field of view requirements for mirrors under FMVSS No 111. The petitioners stated that it would be beneficial to provide drivers with broad views that are broader than those required by FMVSS No. 111. What evidence is there to support this claim? What, if any, are the possible advantages and disadvantages, such as: a longer viewing time, can one observe with wide-angle images? Please provide research or data that addresses how wider views affect image quality. All newly manufactured vehicles that will be sold in the U.S. must be equipped with rearview cameras as standard starting Tuesday. The short answer is no, you won`t. Currently, there is no car insurance discount for a rearview camera. Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTAA) requires NHTSA to evaluate and use existing voluntary consensus standards in its regulatory activities, unless this is inconsistent with applicable law (e.g., nhTSA Vehicle Safety Authority legal provisions) or otherwise impractical. Voluntary consensus standards are technical standards (e.g., material specifications, test methods, sampling procedures, and business practices) developed or adopted by voluntary standards bodies by consensus such as the Society of Automotive Engineers.

NTTAA asks us to provide statements to Congress (through OMB) if we choose not to use available and applicable voluntary consensus standards. As NHTSA has not yet developed specific regulatory requirements, NTTAA does not apply for the purposes of this ANPRM. In the United States, industry stakeholders have asked NHTSA to amend FMVSS No. 111 to allow CMS as an alternative to rear-view mirrors. In 2014, NHTSA received a petition from the Alliance and Tesla, Inc. asking the agency to change the FMVSS number requirements. 111 `the use of camera-based [i.e. CMS] rear and/or side vision systems as a compliance option to meet the performance requirements established for rear and/or side mirrors for any location where conventional rear-view mirrors are currently required or permitted (i.e., the applicable parts of 49 CFR 571.111 p.5, p.6). [15] In 2015, NHTSA received a similar petition regarding heavy-duty vehicles from Daimler Trucks North America (DTNA). [16] In these two petitions on print page 54536, improved fuel consumption (not safety) was mentioned as the main benefit of this change. Neither petition provided objective data or analysis to help the agency determine the net impact of the FMVSS 111 amendment on safety to allow for a CMS compliance option for rear visibility.

[17 18] While NHTSA believes CMS is a promising technology, the agency has ongoing safety concerns that it believes should be addressed before deciding whether or not to propose a change to the FMVSS number. 111 to allow CMS as a compliance option for rear visibility. Therefore, the Agency has compiled a list of topics on which it requests additional information in order to adequately assess the safety of the approval of the CMS as an alternative compliance option to mirrors. NHTSA is seeking feedback on all aspects of installing camera-based technologies as an alternative to mirrors to meet FMVSS #111 requirements for rear visibility. However, the Agency requires commenters to provide as much research, evidence and/or objective data as possible to support their comments in order to inform the Agency in determining appropriate next steps. More than 200 people are killed and more than 12,000 others are injured in „return“ accidents each year, according to the Ministry of Transport. Of those killed, more than half were children under the age of 5 or adults aged 70 and over. Rearview cameras have already been found to reduce backup-related accidents by 17 percent, according to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. Although the current regulation only applies to light-duty vehicles, new regulations are expected in the near future for vehicles with a total laden weight of 10,000 pounds or more.

For truck equipment dealers and fitters, complying with this new rule means understanding the need to move the camera to meet testing requirements. This includes the placement of seven special-sized cylinders with a horizontal or vertical strip along the perimeter of the ten-by-twenty-foot viewing area and the ability to see them all with a single camera view. The Reversing Cameras Act came into force in May 2018 and requires every new vehicle to be equipped with a rearview camera and video display. This means that even the cheapest vehicles on the market must now be equipped with rearview cameras. International standards and regulators have taken steps in recent years to develop performance standards and testing procedures for CMS. In particular in 2015, ISO published ISO 16505, „Road vehicles – Ergonomic and performance aspects of camera surveillance systems – Requirements and test procedures“, which contains detailed test procedures to evaluate the performance of cameras and displays used in CMS. The new requirements require vehicles weighing 10,000 pounds or less to be equipped with a device that provides the driver with a clear 20-degree field of view immediately behind the vehicle. This field of view forms a field of ten feet by twenty behind the vehicle.

The view image shall start automatically within two seconds of the start of the reversing manoeuvre, be deactivated after the vehicle has resumed its forward movement or the driver has switched it off and display the image with minimal delay. This includes not only passenger cars, but also some models of school buses of type A-1 in the weight class of the regulation. In the United States, industry stakeholders have asked NHTSA to amend the requirements of FMVSS No. 111 to allow the installation of CMS as a compliance option. To date, NHTSA has received two such petitions: one for light-duty vehicles from the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers (the Alliance) and Tesla, Inc., and one from Daimler Trucks North America regarding heavy-duty vehicles. [2] Rear cameras are manufactured in different variants depending on the application. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA), an individual is not required to respond to a collection of information by a federal agency unless the collection displays a valid OMB control number. There are no information collection requirements associated with this ANPRM. All data collection requirements and associated burdens will be discussed in detail once a proposal has been submitted.

The cameras of a CMS are usually mounted on the outside of the vehicle near where conventional mirrors are installed, so they offer a similar field of view. Conversely, visual screens that show the driver the reverse image can be mounted at different locations inside the vehicle, as there is no need to have a direct line of sight between the cameras and the visual displays. While most cmS prototypes the NHTSA has seen have screens mounted on or near the vehicle`s A-pillars, other configurations are possible near a traditional exterior mirror. [8] For example, CMS could use a single electronic visual display located in the position of a traditional interior rear-view mirror or in the center of the dashboard to display side camera images separately or as a combined image (i.e., „sewn“) that incorporates a central rearview image. [9] For example, if you own a panel van with a rear viewing field limited to conventional side mirrors, your vehicle will not be FMVSS 111 compliant.